Steve Biko was born in Tylden, Eastern Cape, South Africa in 1946. As a medical student, he founded a black student organisation in 1969 and created a national black consciousness movement. He was banned in 1973, which prohibited him from speaking in public, writing for publication and any travel. Biko was arrested by police in August 1977 and died in detention, naked and manacled, from extensive brain damage. He left a widow and two young children.