‘We are a people with a painful history, littered with many periods of difficulties and sorrow. And yet, at every turn, we mobilised one another and fought, only to emerge stronger at the other end. There is no reason why we cannot defeat corruption, and thereby strengthen our ability to tackle poverty, inequality, poor education, landlessness and crime.’ – Mosibudi Mangena in Triumphs and Heartaches
Mosibudi Mangena has been a life-long member of AZAPO, which, in earlier years, led to his incarceration on Robben Island (from 1973 to 1978). After his release, he fled into exile in 1981, spending time in Botswana and Zimbabwe, before returning to South Africa in 1992.
Triumphs and Heartaches provides fascinating insight into Mangena’s varied life, including his time as the leader of AZAPO and his service in government as the Deputy Minister of Education and then the Minister of Science and Technology, in which capacity he was responsible for the development of the South African 10-year Innovation Plan; the launch of the South African Space Programme and making the bid for the SKA (Square Kilometre Array); the commissioning of the South African Micro Satellite and the Sumbandile Sat; and winning and launching the African component of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.